Nail course – Hammer toe
Caused by: due to the break up of muscular balance that affect the toes, the transversal arch is collapsed.
Factors that may cause hammer toe:
- tight shoes with too high heels,
- weakness of ligaments that are involved,
- standing occupation (waiters, surgeons, nurses, those who work in diners, etc.),
- too much weight,
- aging process,
- forced walking (learn to walk period),
- scoliosis, spine abrasion.
Development of hammer toe:
Head of the II. metatarsal bone collapses, the flexor end extensor muscular balance breaks up. The first phalanx of the II. toe shifts toward the back of the foot for which the second phalanx bends just like a claw (the joint made by the two of these lifts and the tip of the third phalanx makes contact with the ground). The highest point of hammer toe (above the joint between the base – and medial phalanx) is rubbed against the shoe and a painful callus evolves.
It most common occurs on the II. toe (but it can even occur on the III. or on the IV. toes).